The Turkish economy has been experiencing bad times in recent years, and the undervalued Turkish Lira has been a symbol of this situation. The Turkish Lira has become one of the weakest currencies in the world, and there is an increasing number of people comparing it to African currencies, which are considered to be low-valued.
Following the Turkish 2000-01 banking crisis, the Turkish Central Bank was granted autonomy, which was one of the most significant gains of Turkey's financial discipline. Until 2016, the Turkish Central Bank's governors were responsible for protecting the value of the Turkish Lira. However, the country's government has put pressure on the governors to cut interest rates for stronger stimulation, causing the Central Bank to lose its foreign currency reserves.
Unfortunately, the financial crisis is not the only crisis Turkey is currently facing. Its two-polar political structure has raised some social issues as well, and religious groups are using their followers to gain more power by putting political pressure on the government. Moreover, the politically biased governmental institutions and courts have enhanced social issues, and supporting the political party in power has even become a necessity in some companies.
Furthermore, most of the financial resources have been given to the construction industry, and the Turkish economy has lost its ability to create new jobs. Considering that the Turkish population has been increasing by 1.5% annually, that means every year, 1.3 million new people are joining the Turkish population while the number of available jobs continues to decrease. The political preferences in determining and implementing economic policies are making some party followers richer while the total income per capita decreases. Income inequality and even inequality in access to public services have been severe social problems. And to make matters worse, the recent pandemic has worsened these inequalities.
To overcome these financial and economic problems, the Turkish government has been making efforts to attract foreign capital to the country by preparing a new reform package. However, in the last three years, more than ten new reform packages were announced, and none of them were successful. Turkey seems to be stuck in a crisis and to get out of it, the government needs to build trust among its citizens. Otherwise, all its efforts would go to waste once again.
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